How to pen down the 3 major sections of literature review chapter?

A literature review is a written document of logical arguments to expand  knowledge prevailing about any topic of study. The objective of writing a literature review is to explore a research for further studies. 

To organize a better written literature review chapter,one must plan and prepare. Planning involves creating an outline for the literature review chapter. There are three main sections comprising different statements with unique purposes. Preparation involves sequential steps ranging from selecting a topic, searching the literature, developing the argument, surveying the literature and critiquing the literature to writing the review. 

Although, it sounds like a tedious process, one can include the help of a collaborator under the guidelines including association with third-parties. One can associate with PhD thesis writing services or PhD guidance services incase of finding inadequate information or require any external insight.

A literature review chapter follows a basic structure when it comes to writing it. The skeletal representation is given as follows:

  1. Introduction
  1. Introductory statement
  2. Topic statement
  3. Context statement
  4. Significant  statement
  5. Problem statement
  6. Organization statement
  1. Body of the review
  1. Discovery argument
  2. Advocacy argument
  1. Conclusion 
  1. Thesis statement
  2. Thesis analysis
  3. Implications of study

Introduction section

  1.  The Introductory statement serves the purpose of attracting the attention of the reader. To hold the attention of the reader, you must evoke an emotional response through a statement or a statement with an example.
  2. The topic statement is a concise and reduced definition of the subject of the research. The key purpose of this statement is to recognize possible ideas for the research.
  3. The context statement consists information regarding the position of the study and its environment. They generally include the problems that initiated the research.
  4.  The significant  statement judges and justifies the study. The valuable judgement could be a solution to either practical or academic issues.
  5. The problem statement or a thesis question comprises of the questioning part of the research which demands an answer.
  6. The organization statement provides a sketch for what the reader could expect to be presented with in the body of the review and conclusion.

Body  of the review section

The body of the review putsforth arguments arising in regard to the exploration of the study. The problem or a case is presented to arrive at two stages.


  • Discovery argument


      • The discovery argument is attached with the background of a study and what information is prevalent relating to it. 
      • The context includes assertions, evidence, citations and justifications.
      •  The headings and subheadings are included in the order of the research pattern.


  • Advocacy argument


  • The advocacy argument consists of the developmental body of the research or thesis.
  •  It is driven with the purpose of reaching to the conclusion. 
  • Thus, the advocacy argument starts with the concluding part and leads into the addressing of the problem. 

Conclusion section 

The conclusion section includes summarization of the arguments. It consists of construed explanations of the study, implications of the study or motivations that induced the study represented in a condensed manner. Finally, the suggestions into further expanding the research or study are added.

Final words

At the bottom of the text, one can also include valuable references. These references could be the citations from where the excerpt of the idea of the study. This outline is further expanded into writing by initiating with the composition of drafts until they reach a final draft.